Is Nail Melanoma Curable?

What does melanoma look like on your toe?

Melanoma can also occur in your toenails.

This is most common in the big toes of your feet.

The cancerous cells underneath the nails can look like purple, brown, or black bruises.

These also tend to look like dark streaks that grow vertically in the nail..

How long does it take for melanoma to spread?

Melanoma can grow very quickly. It can become life-threatening in as little as six weeks and, if untreated, it can spread to other parts of the body. Melanoma can appear on skin not normally exposed to the sun.

How long can you live with subungual melanoma?

The 5-year survival rate for subungual melanoma can vary greatly, from 16 to 87 percent, depending upon how extensively the cancer has spread. As a general rule, the earlier the cancer is detected, the better the chance for effective treatment and survival.

Is Subungual melanoma deadly?

About subungual melanoma Subungual melanoma is uncommon. It accounts for only 0.7 percent to 3.5 percent of all malignant melanomas worldwide. This form of melanoma occurs in all racial groups, with 30 to 40 percent of cases appearing in non-white people. Subungual melanoma is rare, but it is deadly if left untreated.

Can Subungual melanoma be cured?

Subungual melanoma is treated surgically. Your doctor will first remove your entire nail and then remove the growth. To date, surgery is the only viable treatment method for this type of melanoma.

Does nail cancer hurt?

Symptoms of Subungual Melanoma The nail bed will be painful. A nodule may develop under the nail plate, lifting it up. You may see a thinning, cracking or distortion of the nail plate. In many cases a subungual melanoma is not pigmented.

Does melanoma hurt to touch?

Also, when melanoma develops in an existing mole, the texture of the mole may change and become hard or lumpy. Although the skin lesion may feel different and may itch, ooze, or bleed, a melanoma skin lesion usually does not cause pain.

Does melanoma under nail grow out?

However, unlike a bruise, the streaks from subungual melanoma do not heal or grow out with the nail over time. It can also be confused with normal pigmentation of the nail bed or a fungal infection.

How aggressive is Subungual melanoma?

The key points to remember for subungual melanoma are: It has the same histopathological process as cutaneous malignant melanoma. Some studies suggest it is more aggressive than cutaneous malignant melanoma, but this is likely to be due to late presentation.

Does nail biopsy hurt?

Most patients report throbbing pain in the first one to two days after biopsy that will decrease over a week. The wound will probably still be tender to the touch. The numbing medicine used will wear off in four to six hours.

How common is Subungual melanoma?

Subungual melanoma (SUM) are uncommon malignancy of the nail which represent 0.7–3.5% of cutaneous melanomas diagnosed in the general population. [1] SUM is a distinct variant of acral melanomas, with histology characteristic of acral lentiginous-type melanomas.

What color is Subungual melanoma?

Subungual melanomas of the nail unit usually appear as darkened streaks that run longitudinally (perpendicular to the cuticle). Roughly half of these streaks are brown, blue, or black, while the other half are non-pigmented.

How do I know if melanoma has spread?

If your melanoma has spread to other areas, you may have: Hardened lumps under your skin. Swollen or painful lymph nodes. Trouble breathing, or a cough that doesn’t go away.

What does early stage melanoma look like?

Possible signs of melanoma include a change in the appearance of a mole or pigmented area. Consult a doctor if a mole changes in size, shape, or color, has irregular edges, is more than one color, is asymmetrical, or itches, oozes, or bleeds.

What does the start of melanoma look like?

Border that is irregular: The edges are often ragged, notched, or blurred in outline. The pigment may spread into the surrounding skin. Color that is uneven: Shades of black, brown, and tan may be present. Areas of white, gray, red, pink, or blue may also be seen.

Is nail melanoma painful?

However, in up to half of all cases, subungual melanoma is amelanotic (not pigmented). Ungual melanoma can form a nodule under the nail plate, lifting it (onycholysis). It may sometimes look like a wart (verrucous). It is usually painless, but an advanced tumour invading underlying bone may cause severe pain.

Can a melanoma just appear suddenly?

Melanoma is a very serious skin cancer characterized by the uncontrolled growth of cells that produce pigment, the substance in skin that produces color. Melanomas may appear suddenly and without warning. They are found most frequently on the face and neck, upper back and legs, but can occur anywhere on the body.

Can Subungual melanoma be benign?

Subungual pigmentation can have benign and malignant etiologies. A common and important differential diagnosis is between subungual hematoma and subungual melanoma [1]. The distinction can be difficult even with a dermoscope.

Why is there a black dot under my nail?

Sign of Skin Cancer A black spot under the nail can indicate a type of melanoma called acral lentiginous melanoma (ALM). These melanomas can appear anywhere on the body, including underneath fingernails and toenails. The sub-type of ALM that affects the nail is called subungual melanoma.

How do you get melanoma?

It’s likely that a combination of factors, including environmental and genetic factors, causes melanoma. Still, doctors believe exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from the sun and from tanning lamps and beds is the leading cause of melanoma.